- 1 The Basics – A List
- 1.1 3 basic torch types:
- 1.2 4 basic soldering surfaces:
- 1.3 3 basic methods for raising metal for soldering:
- 1.4 2 basic types of flux:
- 1.5 4 basic brands of anti-firescale/stain:
- 1.6 2 basic types of solder:
- 1.7 5 basic types of solder:
- 1.8 2 basic types of pickle:
- 1.9 1 pickle neutralizer:
- 1.10 3 basic types of strikers:
- 1.11 3 basic products to block solder flow on metal:
- 1.12 3 basic methods for cleaning metal:
- 1.13 3 best fusing metals:
- 1.14 4 basic soldering hand tools:
- 1.15 1 basic pickle pot:
- 1.16 3 ovenproof glass bowls:
- 1.17 1 fireproof soldering surface:
- 1.18 1 ventilation system:
- 1.19 1 fire extinguisher!
- 2 Images
The Basics – A List
Below is my list of Basics for soldering. There are different types, methods and tools. I’m only listing what I use/like/think works. If you disagree, that’s fine with me! Everyone has their favorites – if it works for you it’s right – for you! There are other suppliers, than the ones I’ve linked to. I posted links to companies I’ve worked with before.
Please see my page: Soldering for more detailed information, links to my videos and all related web pages. Thanks for stopping by!
3 basic torch types:
4 basic soldering surfaces:
- Solderite Pad. *See Image 5 below.
- Honeycomb ceramic soldering block. *See Image 4 below.
- Magnesia Block – Great for pushing things into. Otherwise, not long lasting and VERY messy – lots of powder but, it has its place. *Image 3 below.
3 basic methods for raising metal for soldering:
2 basic types of flux:
4 basic brands of anti-firescale/stain:
2 basic types of solder:
- Mark with color or stamp what type of solder it is. Easy to get confused as to type, if not marked in some manner.
- Same as for sheet – bend the ends or color to differentiate – some use nail polish. See my page on solder for bends.
5 basic types of solder:
- IT (aka: Eutectic). IT is used, generally for pieces that will be enameled (so that the solder seams don’t fall apart from the high heat of the kiln.) Almost all silver. Hottest temp needed to flow.
- Hard – Use for your first solder joins. Use most of the time.
- Medium – Also a good solder to use most of the time.
- Easy – Good for settings, last minute, small add-ons.
- Extra-Easy. Extra-Easy is not recommended because it is very yellow and doesn’t contain much silver so, it’s weak. Contains a lot of zinc, proportionally. Use for repairs. Easiest to flow.
2 basic types of pickle:
1 pickle neutralizer:
- Baking soda.
3 basic types of strikers:
3 basic products to block solder flow on metal:
3 basic methods for cleaning metal:
- Torch and pickle.
- Scrubbing with a paste made from Bon Ami powder.
3 best fusing metals:
- Fine silver.
- Argentium silver.
- 18k and 24k gold.
4 basic soldering hand tools:
(*See Image 9 below)
1 basic pickle pot:
- A used, jewelry dedicated crockpot.
3 ovenproof glass bowls:
- rinsing – if there’s no sink hady.
1 fireproof soldering surface:
1 ventilation system:
- An in-line system like mine. See my video: Youtube – DIY Fume Extractor for the Small Jewelry Studio or Shop. Also, my webpages: Ventilation and Safety in the Jewelry Studio.
- Benchtop Fume Extractor.
- Hakko Fume Extraction System
- Fan pulling air out and not past your face.
- Two open windows, across from each other.
- Open garage door.
- Hood – placed back from your face and over your soldering area.
- Bottom fume vent – sucks fumes down and away from your face.
1 fire extinguisher!
- Soft charcoal block with binding wire.
- Round charcoal block.
- Magnesia block.
- Honeycomb ceramic block.
- Solderite Pad with grid for aligning parts while soldering.
- Tripod with thin screen for soldering from beneath.
- Enameling trivet for soldering from beneath.
- Kiln posts for soldering from beneath.
- Soldering hand tool. From top: copper tongs, bent cross-lock, straight cross-lock, tweezers, bent tweezers. Note the fiber-grip on both cross-locks.