My Craftsy video is live! Check out: Prong Settings from Start to Finish now!
In the video, I show you how to create three settings that will help you to create professional looking jewelry and brings your designs to life.
Under Construction – like everything else in life!
- Creating A Frame Setting For Cabochons: Part 1 and Part 2
- Flush Setting Faceted Stones
- How to Make a Domed Ring: Part 1 and Part 2 and Part 3
- The Flex Shaft And Its Many Uses
- Charts: Setting Burs
- Questions & Answers: Stonesetting
- Setting a Pear Shaped Stone
- Settings for Irregularly Shaped Stones and Objects
Please see: for a tutorial on setting a pear shaped stone – of course!
On this page, I will eventually have information on stones and stone setting. I may never get it done – be prepared – this is an overly ambitious project. I’ve decided to dedicate a page per setting as this page would be way, way too long.
Please see my spreadsheet on Setting Burs on Google Drive.
Stones – Cabochons
The parts of a cabochon are: the Crown or Dome, the Girdle and the Base. Cabochons can have beveled or parallel walls at the base.
Cabochons are usually polished. They generally are domed and have smooth, rounded tops. The bottom of a cabochon is either flat or beveled, slightly. But, they can be flat (Buff top) topped too. They come in many shapes and sizes. The type of stone varies but, they are usually opaque or transparent. Transparent stones aren’t often used as they are reserved for faceting. The reason is that the transparent stones reflect and refract light and are therefore well suited for faceting.
Common cab shapes:
- Buff-top – see image above of labradorite
- Bullet – Shorter Bullet Elongated Bullet
- Double – Domed on both sides
- High Dome – High dome onyx from Rio Grande Jewelry
- Low Dome
Stones – Faceted
There are two basic types of faceting: Trap or Step Cuts and Triangular or Kite-shaped Cuts. A round brilliant diamond (58 facets) employs triangular facets and an emerald cut stone is usually Trap/Step faceted. Some stones have a combination of triangular and step faceting.
Emerald Cut Stones in a beautiful ring by Diamonds by Lauren. Trap or Step cuts are used.
Close up, you can really see the differences.
There are even stones that are cabbed and faceted. A Rose Cut stone has a faceted top and a flat bottom.
Any stone that is not round, is considered a fancy cut stone.
There are a zillion (well, maybe not that many) shapes out there in gemland. I’m not going to list them all but, will show you pretty pictures of some of the more common shapes.
- Baguette – The baguette has stepped-cuts similar to an emerald cut stone. They usually have 24 facets and are cheaper than round or emerald cut diamonds. Usually used as side stones. They are not as brilliant as round cut stones.
- Baguette, Tapered – Essentially, a tapered baguette.
- Cushion Cut – Square or rectangular stones with subtly curving sides.
- Emerald Cut – A rectangular stone with the corners cut off. AKA: Octagon. Usually step-cut.
- Heart – Well, a heart shaped stone!
- Marquise – Pointed on both ends with curved sides.
- Oval – Considered a Fancy gemstone because it is more difficult to cut than a round stone.
- Pear – Teardrop or pear shaped.
- Princess – A deeper, relatively new cut. See additional information below. Princess cuts tend to be cheaper because the cut allows for more efficient use of the material. The quality of the material is usually of a higher quality for this type of cut.
- Square – 4 equal sides. Similar to a Princess cut square.
- Triangular – Many different shapes.
- Trillion – Triangular with (usually) gently bowing sides. Trillions are usually Brilliant cut.
More to come:
- Backset/Reverse Bezels
- Basket (or Wire Setting
- Bearing/Shoulder Bezels
- Bullet and Tongue Settings
- Conical Settings/Mounts
- Crown (or Coronet)
- Cup Bezels
- Double Bezels
- Emerald Cut Bezels
- Marquise Bezels
- Marquise Wire Settings
- Mitered Prongs
- Modified Bezels/Irregular Bezels
- Octagonal Wire Settings
- Pear-Shaped Bezels
- Picture Tab Settings
- Rectangular and Square Bezels
- Rectangular Wire Setting
- Slotted/Modular Setting
- Square Wire Setting
- Straight-Sided Bezels/Mounts
- Triangular Wire Setting
- Tube Settings
Setting Tools – Making and Buying
not done yet
For Further Research
- AGSL – The American Gem Society Laboratories
- AGTA (the American Gem Trade Association) – Gemstone information.
- Bryan Johnson – Gemstone information, blog, etc.
- Beyond 4Cs that has 23 links to free gemology courses and information.
- Diamonds Pro – well, information on diamonds.
- Gemstone Cuts and Shapes. E-Jewel by Livini Designs. No author. No date. Web.
- Gemology Online
- GIA’s Gem Encyclopedia
- Hoover and Strong – Hoover Azure Anniversary Bands – discusses what an azure is.
- The International Gem Society
- Jewelry Secrets.com – Lots of information on diamonds. This link is to information on the Princess Cut.
- Minerals.Net – Gemstone Directory on rocks, minerals and gemstones.
- Royal Asscher – Information on the patented Royal Asscher Cut.
- White Flash – Information on AGSL Diamond Cut Grading – The Princess Cut